Kara CHAN (Hong Kong Baptist University), Russell B. WILLIAMS (Higher Colleges of Technology), Adolescent girls’ perception of gender roles and gender identities: A qualitative study,, English/27 Pages, June 2012.

Abstract

Twenty adolescent girls aged 15 to 18 in Hong Kong were asked to take pictures from the media that could illustrate “what girls or women should or should not be; and what girls or women should or should not do”. Face-to-face interviews were conducted after the photo-taking week. Four dominant themes were generated from “what girls or women should or should not be”, including (1) Appearance, (2) Personality, (3) Skills and vocation, and (4) Healthy and natural. Seven dominant themes were generated from “what girls or women should or should not do”, including (1) Appearance, (2) Activities, interest, and lifestyle, (3) Health and safety, (4) Family, (5) Relationships, (6) Work and others, and (7) Care people and environment. The findings show that adolescent girls pay much attention to images about slimming, body image and physical appearance. They criticized some female images as unrealistic and appreciated female images that were natural.