Lan-Hung Nora Chiang (National Taiwan University), Zee Ken Christopher Wong (National Taiwan University) and Chia-Yuan Huang (University College London), Recent (Young) Taiwanese Movers to Hong Kong:Challenges and Opportunities in a Global City, English/33 pages, May 2015.

Abstract

Using Hong Kong as a case study, this research shares some findings regarding the transnational migration of highly educated young Taiwanese to global cities in recent years. Three issues are discussed in the paper: 1) Migration process and pattern, 2) Cultural adaptation and challenges, and 3) Returning. The data was obtained via face-to-face interviews with 35 young Taiwanese in Hong Kong and Taiwan from 2012-2015, utilizing a semi-structured questionnaire. Other than career development and financial incentives, our analysis took into account the challenges of dialect and unfamiliar culture, social adaptation, high cost of housing, crowded and polluted environment, and fast pace of life. Close to 70% of the young migrants expressed the desire to move back to Taiwan for a variety of reasons. Although it is difficult to generate immediate economic incentives to attract emigrants back to Taiwan, the lower cost of living, less crowding, cleaner air, a comfortable pace of life, better medical care, education for children, and sense of belonging to Taiwan, are incentives to potentially lure the young people back to Taiwan. Upon returning, their cosmopolitan training in Hong Kong and abroad would help Taiwan’s economic development in the short run and contribute to Taiwan identity in the long run. Private industies can take the lead in recharging its human power by providing reasonable salaries and bonuses to attract the best and brightest back. Most importantly, the Taiwan government needs to speed up the amendment of laws and re-invent strategies to compete for young highly skilled migrants from abroad.

Keywords: young skilled Taiwanese migrants, cultural adaptation, returning, global city