陳國賁、黎熙元、陸何慧薇 ( 香港浸會大學、廣州中山大學 ) , 中國 “ 三資 ” 企業中的文化衝突與文化創新 ,共 19 頁,二零零五年七月。

Abstract

This study attempts to investigate how, in Sino-foreign joint ventures in China, Chinese managers and workers on the one hand and western managers on the other explain and solve conflicts between cultures in terms of the incompatibilities and tensions between particularism and universalism. It hypothesizes that all partners have to find ways to resolve conflicts in order to maintain employment and keep the business enterprise viable. We argue that both Chinese and westerners have adjusted more or less their values and behavior, and that a new, emergent culture of cooperation, which hybridizes particularism and universalism, has been created during the course of learning from each other. This cultural innovation exemplifies that globalization is a process of reciprocal learning by people on both sides of the cultural sites.