何平 ( 四川大學 ) ,陳國賁 ( 香港浸會大學 ) ,中外思想中的文化 “ 雜交 ” 觀念,共 25 頁,二零零五年十二月。

HE Ping (Sichuan University), and CHAN Kwok-bun (Hong Kong Baptist University), Hybridity: Concepts and Realities in China and the World , Chinese/25 pages, December 2005.

Abstract

This paper offers a preliminary study of the concept of hybridity. It traces the etymological roots of the word and its link with corporate globalism, followed by the discussion of its usage in the exploration of social identity and of its progressive meanings in cultural politics.

The paper also explores a similar mode of thinking in Chinese thought, focusing especially on the classical Chinese idea of 和而不同 (Mixing but maintaining difference, diversity and heterogeneity). It argues that the idea was related to a rationalist (Confucian) position in dealing with cultural heterogeneity and political conflicts.

The paper describes the productive consequence of cultural and ethnic hybridization in Chinese history, contend ing that multiculturalism and religious tolerance coexisted with the notion of unitarianism and Sino-centric culturalism. It notices that a learning regarding the hybridization of divergent thought and practices was developed and syncretism has been a major pattern in the evolution of Chinese philosophy.

論文探討了“雜種性” (hybridity) 概念的主要含義,包括它在社會認同上的表現,以及它的詞源歷史,分析了“文化雜種化”現象與當代全球化運動的內在聯繫和它在正確對待當代文化問題上的進步意義。

論文也討論了中國思想中與 hybridity 概念極為相近的“和而不同”思想,注意到這個古典觀念與當時主張以理性主義態度對待文化和政治差異的思想流派的聯繫。論文描述了與文化多元主義和宗教寬容精神並存的集權主義和文化中心主義思想,揭示了中國歷史上種族、文化交融的概況,和“會通之學”對中國哲學發展的影響。

雜種文化 (hybridity) 、文化雜種性(化)、社會認同的雜種化成為近來社會學和跨文化研究的新內容,雖然目前的研究尚不夠深入,但由於該概念能較好地概括現代世界複雜的文化交融情況,並且它所包含的立場似乎能對極端民族主義、原教旨主義和文明衝突論起到一種批判的作用,正受到一些學者的注意。本文試圖對國內外有關 hybridity 的概念的研究做一初步的評價,特別是對中國思想中與 “hybridity” 和 “hybridization” 極為相近的“和而不同”的觀念進行討論,以期豐富目前在該領域的研究。