樂黛雲 ( 北京大學 ) , 多元文化與比較文學的發展 ,共 11 頁,二零零三年二月。

YUE Daiyun (Peking University), Plurality of Cultures in the Context of Globalization: Toward a New Perspective on Comparative Literature, Chinese/11 pages, February 2003.

Abstract

Culture is plural from the beginning. A rich and colorful cultural ecology is growing up in the mutual inspiring and mutual promoting in different cultures. Cultural hegemony and cultural isolationism both damage the development of cultures. We need to be alert, on the one hand, to the danger of being submerged or assimilated by another dominant culture, and on the other hand, to the danger of falling into cultural isolationism which leaves us behind the cultural development of today's world. We should be concerned with the common problems that are facing the world as a whole and try to find out the possible solutions utilizing the cultural resources of all nations. Therefore, it is very important to increase communication and understanding among different cultures and to enlarge the living space for negotiation, toleration and co-existence. To fulfill this mission, comparative literature will be inevitably standing in the front position, if it is defined as “inter-cultural and inter-disciplinary study of literature”. The main task of comparative literature is to arouse the mutual understanding, mutual confirmation and mutual complement among different literatures in different cultural traditions.

First of all, comparative literature starts with the wish to understand the other literary tradition in comparison. Secondly, comparative literature seeks various answers to the same problem in a different literary tradition and thereafter to reach a consensus through dialogue. Thirdly, comparative literature plays a big role in reciprocal cognition (interactive knowledge), which is to understand oneself from the perspective of the other.

If we want to avert conflicts, violence and wars, and to increase communication and understanding among different cultures, comparative literature is not to shrink or decline but to play a more and more important role.