CHEN Ling (Hong Kong Baptist University), Traditional Chinese Value Orientations as Indigenous Constructs: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis , English/21 pages, May 2006.


This study investigates the dimensionality of a set of traditional Chinese values and the construct validity of traditional Chinese value orientations. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed on data from college students (N = 1,528) in three societies of the Greater China area who responded to the 40-item Chinese value survey (CVS). The proposed final measurement model contains five factors and obtains adequate model fit on several estimation measures. The resulting oblique dimensions are labeled ¡§Work ethics¡¨, ¡§Moral virtues,¡¨ ¡§Temperament,¡¨ ¡§Human Relations,¡¨ and ¡§Social Prestige¡¨. The first four factors are discussed as conceptually associated with Kluckhohn and Strobeck's universal human problems of ¡§Relation with Nature¡¨, ¡§Human nature,¡¨ ¡§Personality/activity¡¨, and ¡§Human relations¡¨. The last factor, ¡§Social prestige,¡¨ represents a value orientation that is probably unique to Chinese culture. These factors appear to represent traditional Chinese solutions to universal human problems, i.e., traditional Chinese value orientations, drawing from Confucian and other traditional schools of thoughts.