LEWI Research


Contemporary international relations are characterised by a proliferation of modes, levels and regimes of governance. No state exists in total isolation from these transnational and international networks. Indeed, most are deeply embedded within them. Accordingly, any assessment of public policy making within a state must take account of the broader, multi-level context in which it occurs, including direct and indirect inputs from expert bodies, intergovernmental organisations, and other state and non-state actors.


The aim of the LEWI working group on ‘Public policy making in multi-level governance settings’ is to provide such nuanced analyses. The working group is convened by Dr Nicole Scicluna and is interdisciplinary in nature, bringing together expertise from political science, public administration and international relations, among other fields. In keeping with LEWI’s focus on East-West studies, the geographic focus of the working group is on Europe (including the European Union) and Asia. A particular thematic focus will be on public health policy making in the context of subnational, national, and international responses to the COVID-19 pandemic.




  • Public health policy making in times of pandemics
  • Comparative regionalism in Europe and Asia
  • The legal foundations of multi-level governance regimes




  • Dr Nicole Brooke SCICLUNA, Hong Kong Baptist University 




  • Professor Jean-Pierre CABESTAN, Hong Kong Baptist University 
  • Dr Kenneth CHAN Ka-lok, Hong Kong Baptist University 
  • Dr Martin CK CHUNG, Hong Kong Baptist University
  • Professor Alistair COLE, Hong Kong Baptist University
  • Dr Kevin KW IP, Hong Kong Baptist University 
  • Dr KANG Yi, Hong Kong Baptist University
  • Professor Roger SCULLY, Hong Kong Baptist University
  • Dr Jaemin SHIM, Hong Kong Baptist University
  • Dr Krzysztof SLIWINSKI, Hong Kong Baptist University 
  • Dr Emilie TRAN, Hong Kong Baptist University 
  • Dr Samson YUEN, Hong Kong Baptist University
15 The Impossibility of Constitutionalizing Emergency Europe
Stefan Auer and Nicole Scicluna (2021) ‘The Impossibility of Constitutionalizing Emergency Europe’. Journal of Common Market Studie Vol. 59, No. S1 (Annual Review), pp. 20-31.
Nicole Scicluna (2021) ‘Testing the EU rule of law: Differentiated (dis)integration in refugee and asylum policy’. Swiss Political Science Review. Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 654-671.
14 The Politics of International Law
Nicole Scicluna (2021) The Politics of International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
13 Contesting Austerity
Nicole Scicluna (2021) ‘Integration through Crisis: A New Mode of European Integration?’ in Anuscheh Farahat and Xabier Arzoz (eds.) Contesting Austerity: A Socio-Legal Inquiry. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Cabestan, J.-P. The COVID-19 Health Crisis and Its Impact on China’s International Relations. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2022, 15, 123.
CABESTAN, J-P. (2021). China’s response to the 2014–2016 Ebola crisis: Enhancing Africa’s soft security under Sino-US competition. China Information, 35(1), 3-24.
12 hong-kong-the-second-handover
CABESTAN, J-P., & Daziano, L. (2020). Hong Kong: The Second Handover. Fondation pour l'innovation Politique.
11 China Tomorrow
CABESTAN, J-P. (2019). China Tomorrow: Democracy or Dictatorship? Rowman & Littlefield.
Dutheil, F., Clinchamps, M., Baker, J. S., Supriya, R., Cole, A., Gao, Y., & Navel, V. (2022). Financial Burden and Shortage of Respiratory Rehabilitation for SARS-CoV-2 Survivors
Harguindéguy, J-B., Sánchez, E. S., Sánchez, A. S., & Cole, A. (2022). The rise of research on independence referendums. International Political Science Review.
10 Analysing the Trust–Transparency
Stafford, I., Cole, A., & Heinz, D. (2022). Analysing the Trust–Transparency Nexus: Multi-level Governance in the UK, France and Germany. (Civil society and Social change). Policy Press.
Cole, A. (2019). Emmanuel Macron and the remaking of France. In A. Cole (Ed.), Emmanuel Macron and the two years that changed France (pp. 101-115). Manchester University Press.